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  Resources - Overall  
  http://www.stopbullying.gov/
http://www.nlm.nih.gov
http://www.nichd.nih.gov
http://www.healthychildren.org
http://childrenshospital.org
http://www.seattlechildrens.org
http://www.ncpc.org
http://www.mayoclinic.com
http://www.education.com
http://www.kzoo.edu
 
 
  Definition of Bullying  
 

stopbullying.gov/what-is-bullying
http://childrenshospital.org
http://www.seattlechildrens.org

 
 
  Types of Bullying  
 

www.mayoclinic.com
stopbullying.gov:cyberbullying
ncpc.org:cyberbullying
chop.edu:Cyber Bullying

 
 
  Effects of Victims &Bullies  
  Effects of Bullying
http://www.stopbullying.gov

Bullying stems from fear, apathy  
http://www.apa.org

Identify bullied and bully
www.ncpc.org
Links Bully to Suicidal Thoughts
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus
Bullies Beat Down Self Esteen  
www.healthychildren.org
 
 
  Risk of Bullying  
  stopbullying.gov:at-risk
stopbullying.gov: Who is at Risk
stopbullying.gov: Specific Group
www.ncpc.org: Girls and Bullying
girlshealth.gov: Why some girls are bullied

 
 
  Warning Signs  
 

ncpc.org: teacher’s guide (PDF)
ncpc.org:Family Take-Home Pamphlet
www.ncpc.org: for Student

 
 
  Prevention and Response  
  stopbullying.gov: Stop Bullying on the spot
stopbullying.gov:Respond to bullying
ncpc.org/topics: Response to bullied and bully
stopbullying.gov: Get help now
education.com: Actions to take
www.chp.edu: No more bullying
childrenshospital.org: Treatment and Care
 
 
  Dealing with Bullies  
  stopbullying.gov: Address Bullying Behavior
seattlechildrens.org: Teaching kids not to bully
kidshealth.org: Dealing with bullies
kidshealth.org: Deal with Bullies (spanish)
education.com:Actions to take
kidshealth.org: Teaching Kids not o Bully (spanish
 
 
  Cell Phone Safety  
 

ncpc.org: teacher’s guide (PDF)
ncpc.org:Family Take-Home Pamphlet
www.ncpc.org: for Student

 
 
  For Teens  
 

stopbullying.gov:teens
healthychildren.org: putting-an-end-to-bullying
kidshealth.org: dealing with Bullying; Spanish
kidshealth.org: sexual Bullying; Spanish
nlm.nih.gov: teen violence
nlm.nih.gov: teen mental health
nlm.nih.gov: children & teens

 
 
  For Kids  
 

stopbullying.gov/kids
kzoo.edu: for_kids

 
 
  For Parents  
 

ncpc.org: what-to-teach-kids-about-bullying
stopbullying.gov: parents
kzoo.edu: for parents
kidshealth.org: teaching kids not to bully
; Spanish
nlm.nih.gov: social family issues

 
 
  For School  
 

ncpc.org: school strategies to eliminate violence
stopbullying.gov: for educators
kzoo.edu: for teachers
nlm.nih.gov: school health

 
 
  For Community  
 

stopbullying.gov:community
ncpc.org: home-and-neighborhood-safety

 
 
  Law and Legal  
 

stopbullying.gov: Illinois Anti-Bullying Laws & Policies
stopbullying.gov: Federal Laws
funandeducation.org: Free Legal Supporting for Low Income Families
funandeducation.org: Mental Health Referral

 
 
Definition of Bullying
Bullying is aggressive behavior that occurs when the one child tries to harm or intimidate others. Bullying can consist of direct harm such as hitting, pushing, teasing, threatening, and name-calling or can take place indirectly by spreading rumors or making others feel rejected and isolated.
Bullying is usually repeated over time and can lead to physical, social, and emotional harm. It can have serious, long-lasting consequences for bullies, victims of bullying and the students who witness bullying ( bystanders).
 
Prevalence of Bullying
A study by the CDC indicates that 20% of students in grades 9-12 had experienced bullying in 2011. 
70 percent of all high school students say they have been bullied - American Psychological Association

Almost 10% of students in grades 6 through 12 reported having been bullied at school, school activities, or on the way to or from school.”- UpToDate
“Every day, nearly 160,000 children miss school because they are scared of bullying”- National Crime Prevention Council http://childrenshospital.org

Where Bullying Occurs
Bullying can occur during or after school hours and can take place in
School building
Playground
Traveling on the school bus
In the youth’s neighborhood
Via the Internet (e.g., Facebook), e-mail, or cell phone
  Types of Bullying
Verbal: name-calling, teasing, taunting, threatening
Physical: hitting, kicking, pushing, stealing or destroying others’ belongings
Psychological-Social-Emotional:
making someone feel rejected and isolated; spreading rumors
Cyberbullying: electronic insulting through internet, e-mail, cell phone, Facebook, or other social network sites
www.stopbullying.gov ;www.ncpc.org
 
Effects

For Bullying Victims

  • Unexplained physical injury
  • Health complains: stomachaches, headaches, tiredness, poor eating, difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares
  • School problems: difficulty concentrating, drop in grades, refuse to go to school.
  • Emotional difficulty : anxiety, depression, sadness, loneliness, withdrawal, loss of friends, low self-esteem
  • Destructive behaviors: harming themselves, having suicidal ideations, or violent behavior to protect self or get revenge on bullies
 

For Bullies

  • School problems: poor school performance or drop of school
  • Risk behavior: smoke and abuse alcohol or other drugs, early sexual activity
  • Commit crimes : fights, steals, set fires, vandalize property
  • Domestic abusers toward their families as adults

For Bystanders (The students who witness bullying)

  • School problems
  • Mental health problems
  • Risk behavior
Identify the Risks

Who is at risk being bullied?

  • Different from others : overweight or underweight, short, wearing glasses, or have different interests
  • Seems weak : new students, timid, less popular, poor self esteem
  • Have medical problems
  • Is annoying
  • Fewer coping skills for teasing or isolating
 

Who is likely to bully?

  • Like to be in charge of others
  • Frustrates easily
  • Fights physically or verbally often with siblings or at schools
  • Does not follow rules in school and at home
  • Violent or aggressive,
  • Blames others for their problems
  • Has friends or be a group who bully others
  • No clear rules at home.

Warning Signs
Children’s relationships with their parents and peers can affect whether they are bullied or bully others. Recognizing the warning signs is an important first step to prevent bullying since children who are being bullied often may not ask for help. www.stopbullying.gov: Warning signs

For Bullying Victims

  • Torn clothing, bruises
  • Refuse to go to school, drop in grades
  • Complains of pain such as stomachaches or leg pain before going to school
  • Loss of friends
  • Sadness and loss of interest in activities he or she enjoyed
  • Poor eating and difficulty sleep
  • Needs for extra money or supplies
 

For Bullies

  • Worry about own reputation or popularity
  • Solves conflicts physically
  • Frustrated easily, impulsive or aggressive
  • Blame others for their problems
  • Lacks empathy and sympathy
  • Has difficulty following rules in school and at home
  • Has friends who bully
  • Has extra money

Prevention and Responses
Parents, school, child’s physicians, and other adults in the community can help kids prevent bullying by talking about it, building a safe school environment, and creating a community-wide bullying prevention strategy. ncpc.org:What Parents Can Do; stopbullying.gov:prevent bullying; healthychildren.org:Avoiding bullying

   
Parents

Play a central role to prevent bullying and stop it on the spot by doing the following:
Support children’s good behavior and stopping their negative behavior
Know the risks of victims or bullies to prevent bullying in schools.
Respond quickly if your child asks for help with a bully or shows warning signs of being bullied.

   
School

Provide safe school environment
Increase adult supervision in school- in classes, during lunch and recess
Establish bully prevention programs and zero-tolerance policy for bullying at school
Provide information regarding bully prevention to students, parents, and teachers

   
Physicians

Screen child behavior and parenting skills with each well visit
Address violence in the media and discourage the exposure of children to televised violence at home
Manage a child's behavior problems early
Recognize high risk patients for bullying victims or bullies
Provide information regarding bullying to children and their parents
Support both bullies and victims and their families, communicate with school to stop the bullying and minimize the effects from bullying
childrenshospital.org: Treatment and Care

Prevention  

knowing the risk of bully victim

  • Talk to your child about bullying early
  • Teach your child how to treat others with kindness and respect
  • Teach your child how to deal with stress in school and at home
  • Teach your child how to solve conflicts without resorting to fighting (verbal or physical)
  • Give children positive feedback when they behave well
  • Ask your child about their day in school and after school, social events, their classmates and friends, and any problems they have.
  • Encourage your child to help others who need it.
  • Don't bully your children or bully others, like hit, ridicule, or gossip about someone.

Knowing the risk of bullies

  • Talk to your child about bullying early
  • Emphasize to your child that bullying is unacceptable behavior
  • Teach your child how to treat others with kindness and respect
  • Teach your child how to deal with stress in school and at home
  • Teach your child how to solve conflicts without resorting to fighting (verbal or physical)
  • Give children positive feedback when they behave well Ask your children about their day in and after school, social events, their classmates and friends, and any problems they have
  • Encourage good behavior.
  • Don't bully your children or bully others, like hit, ridicule, or gossip about someone.
  • Establish clear rules at home
Respond Quickly  

For Bullying Victems

  • Your child may not tell you being bullied right away or only ask you once and not again.
  • Watch for warning signs
  • Help your child if you think your child is being bullied or if your child has told you that he or she is being bullied.
  • Do not confront the bully's students and parents without school support
  • Talk to your child's teacher and principal about bully
  • Take your child to his or her physician for evaluation
  • Build your child's self-confidence
  • Encourage your child to participate in activities that he or she enjoys
  • Teach your child what bullying is and how to deal with bullies such as walking away, not showing strong emotions in front of the bullies, staying with others, not fighting back, and informing parents and teachers
  • Introduce your child to activities outside of school so he or she can make friends

For Bullies

  • Take bullying seriously.
  • Teach your child what bullying is and let him/her understand that no toleration for bullying at home or school.
  • Watch for warning signs that he or she bullies.
  • Talk to your child to find out why he or she is bullying
  • Ask if he or she is feeling sad, angry, or insecure
  • Ask about his/her friends or activities in school and after school
  • Ask about problems at school
  • Talk to teacher or school counselor if your child has any problems at school such as struggling with a academic subject or having difficulty making friends.
  • Build your child's self-confidence
  • Provide a supportive home environment
Legal Support: funandeducation.org: Free Legal Supporting for Low Income Families in USA
Mental Health Referral: funandeducation.org: Mental Health Referral

 

 
 
The page started on 11/08/2012; Updated on 01/24/2013