School Bullying, School Health, Academic Medical Home
School Bullying
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  Definition of Bullying

  Types of Bullying Bullying

  Effects of Victims &Bullies  
  Effects of Bullying

Bullying stems from fear, apathy

Identify bullied and bully
Links Bully to Suicidal Thoughts
Bullies Beat Down Self Esteen
  Risk of Bullying Who is at Risk Specific Group Girls and Bullying Why some girls are bullied

  Warning Signs teacher’s guide (PDF) Take-Home Pamphlet for Student

  Prevention and Response Stop Bullying on the spot to bullying Response to bullied and bully Get help now Actions to take No more bullying Treatment and Care
  Dealing with Bullies Address Bullying Behavior Teaching kids not to bully Dealing with bullies Deal with Bullies (spanish) to take Teaching Kids not o Bully (spanish
  Cell Phone Safety teacher’s guide (PDF) Take-Home Pamphlet for Student

  For Teens putting-an-end-to-bullying dealing with Bullying; Spanish sexual Bullying; Spanish teen violence teen mental health children & teens

  For Kids for_kids

  For Parents what-to-teach-kids-about-bullying parents for parents teaching kids not to bully
; Spanish social family issues

  For School school strategies to eliminate violence for educators for teachers school health

  For Community home-and-neighborhood-safety

  Law and Legal Illinois Anti-Bullying Laws & Policies Federal Laws Free Legal Supporting for Low Income Families Mental Health Referral

Definition of Bullying
Bullying is aggressive behavior that occurs when the one child tries to harm or intimidate others. Bullying can consist of direct harm such as hitting, pushing, teasing, threatening, and name-calling or can take place indirectly by spreading rumors or making others feel rejected and isolated.
Bullying is usually repeated over time and can lead to physical, social, and emotional harm. It can have serious, long-lasting consequences for bullies, victims of bullying and the students who witness bullying ( bystanders).
Prevalence of Bullying
A study by the CDC indicates that 20% of students in grades 9-12 had experienced bullying in 2011. 
70 percent of all high school students say they have been bullied - American Psychological Association

Almost 10% of students in grades 6 through 12 reported having been bullied at school, school activities, or on the way to or from school.”- UpToDate
“Every day, nearly 160,000 children miss school because they are scared of bullying”- National Crime Prevention Council

Where Bullying Occurs
Bullying can occur during or after school hours and can take place in
School building
Traveling on the school bus
In the youth’s neighborhood
Via the Internet (e.g., Facebook), e-mail, or cell phone
  Types of Bullying
Verbal: name-calling, teasing, taunting, threatening
Physical: hitting, kicking, pushing, stealing or destroying others’ belongings
making someone feel rejected and isolated; spreading rumors
Cyberbullying: electronic insulting through internet, e-mail, cell phone, Facebook, or other social network sites ;

For Bullying Victims

  • Unexplained physical injury
  • Health complains: stomachaches, headaches, tiredness, poor eating, difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares
  • School problems: difficulty concentrating, drop in grades, refuse to go to school.
  • Emotional difficulty : anxiety, depression, sadness, loneliness, withdrawal, loss of friends, low self-esteem
  • Destructive behaviors: harming themselves, having suicidal ideations, or violent behavior to protect self or get revenge on bullies

For Bullies

  • School problems: poor school performance or drop of school
  • Risk behavior: smoke and abuse alcohol or other drugs, early sexual activity
  • Commit crimes : fights, steals, set fires, vandalize property
  • Domestic abusers toward their families as adults

For Bystanders (The students who witness bullying)

  • School problems
  • Mental health problems
  • Risk behavior
Identify the Risks

Who is at risk being bullied?

  • Different from others : overweight or underweight, short, wearing glasses, or have different interests
  • Seems weak : new students, timid, less popular, poor self esteem
  • Have medical problems
  • Is annoying
  • Fewer coping skills for teasing or isolating

Who is likely to bully?

  • Like to be in charge of others
  • Frustrates easily
  • Fights physically or verbally often with siblings or at schools
  • Does not follow rules in school and at home
  • Violent or aggressive,
  • Blames others for their problems
  • Has friends or be a group who bully others
  • No clear rules at home.

Warning Signs
Children’s relationships with their parents and peers can affect whether they are bullied or bully others. Recognizing the warning signs is an important first step to prevent bullying since children who are being bullied often may not ask for help. Warning signs

For Bullying Victims

  • Torn clothing, bruises
  • Refuse to go to school, drop in grades
  • Complains of pain such as stomachaches or leg pain before going to school
  • Loss of friends
  • Sadness and loss of interest in activities he or she enjoyed
  • Poor eating and difficulty sleep
  • Needs for extra money or supplies

For Bullies

  • Worry about own reputation or popularity
  • Solves conflicts physically
  • Frustrated easily, impulsive or aggressive
  • Blame others for their problems
  • Lacks empathy and sympathy
  • Has difficulty following rules in school and at home
  • Has friends who bully
  • Has extra money

Prevention and Responses
Parents, school, child’s physicians, and other adults in the community can help kids prevent bullying by talking about it, building a safe school environment, and creating a community-wide bullying prevention strategy. Parents Can Do; bullying; bullying


Play a central role to prevent bullying and stop it on the spot by doing the following:
Support children’s good behavior and stopping their negative behavior
Know the risks of victims or bullies to prevent bullying in schools.
Respond quickly if your child asks for help with a bully or shows warning signs of being bullied.


Provide safe school environment
Increase adult supervision in school- in classes, during lunch and recess
Establish bully prevention programs and zero-tolerance policy for bullying at school
Provide information regarding bully prevention to students, parents, and teachers


Screen child behavior and parenting skills with each well visit
Address violence in the media and discourage the exposure of children to televised violence at home
Manage a child's behavior problems early
Recognize high risk patients for bullying victims or bullies
Provide information regarding bullying to children and their parents
Support both bullies and victims and their families, communicate with school to stop the bullying and minimize the effects from bullying Treatment and Care


knowing the risk of bully victim

  • Talk to your child about bullying early
  • Teach your child how to treat others with kindness and respect
  • Teach your child how to deal with stress in school and at home
  • Teach your child how to solve conflicts without resorting to fighting (verbal or physical)
  • Give children positive feedback when they behave well
  • Ask your child about their day in school and after school, social events, their classmates and friends, and any problems they have.
  • Encourage your child to help others who need it.
  • Don't bully your children or bully others, like hit, ridicule, or gossip about someone.

Knowing the risk of bullies

  • Talk to your child about bullying early
  • Emphasize to your child that bullying is unacceptable behavior
  • Teach your child how to treat others with kindness and respect
  • Teach your child how to deal with stress in school and at home
  • Teach your child how to solve conflicts without resorting to fighting (verbal or physical)
  • Give children positive feedback when they behave well Ask your children about their day in and after school, social events, their classmates and friends, and any problems they have
  • Encourage good behavior.
  • Don't bully your children or bully others, like hit, ridicule, or gossip about someone.
  • Establish clear rules at home
Respond Quickly  

For Bullying Victems

  • Your child may not tell you being bullied right away or only ask you once and not again.
  • Watch for warning signs
  • Help your child if you think your child is being bullied or if your child has told you that he or she is being bullied.
  • Do not confront the bully's students and parents without school support
  • Talk to your child's teacher and principal about bully
  • Take your child to his or her physician for evaluation
  • Build your child's self-confidence
  • Encourage your child to participate in activities that he or she enjoys
  • Teach your child what bullying is and how to deal with bullies such as walking away, not showing strong emotions in front of the bullies, staying with others, not fighting back, and informing parents and teachers
  • Introduce your child to activities outside of school so he or she can make friends

For Bullies

  • Take bullying seriously.
  • Teach your child what bullying is and let him/her understand that no toleration for bullying at home or school.
  • Watch for warning signs that he or she bullies.
  • Talk to your child to find out why he or she is bullying
  • Ask if he or she is feeling sad, angry, or insecure
  • Ask about his/her friends or activities in school and after school
  • Ask about problems at school
  • Talk to teacher or school counselor if your child has any problems at school such as struggling with a academic subject or having difficulty making friends.
  • Build your child's self-confidence
  • Provide a supportive home environment
Legal Support: Free Legal Supporting for Low Income Families in USA
Mental Health Referral: Mental Health Referral


The page started on 11/08/2012; Updated on 01/24/2013